The effect of different types of correction on the students' ability in writing descriptive text

Maulia Emelda, M. Zaini Miftah

Abstract


This research aimed to investigate the effect of peer correction and self-correction on the students' ability in writing descriptive text. This research applied a quantitative method with a quasi-experimental research design. 106 population samples of the three classes were taken from the students of the English Education Department at IAIN Palangka Raya. The technique of collecting the data used was the writing test.  In analyzing the data, some procedures used were such as administering pre-test, conducting treatments, administering post-test, and analyzing the data. The results showed that there is a significant effect of peer correction and self-correction on the students' ability in writing descriptive text. It can be seen from the mean score between pre-test (55.13) and post-test (72.89) of the experimental group (Class A) using peer correction indicating that students’ scores increased after the treatment, and the mean score of pre-test (58.89) and post-test ( 73.34) of the experimental group (Class B) using self-correction indicating that students’ scores increased after the treatment. It is considered that peer correction and self-correction as the writing instruction technique can help them in writing especially descriptive text.


Keywords


peer correction; self-correction; writing ability; writing descriptive text; EFL writing class

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur penelitian: Suatu pendekatan praktik. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to research in education (8th ed.). New York: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Bitchener, J., Young, S., & Cameron, D. (2005). The effect of different types of corrective feedback on ESL student writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 14(3), 191-205.

Fahimi, Z., & Rahimi, A. (2015). On the impact of self-assessment practice on writing skill. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 192, 730-736.

Ganji, M. (2009). Teacher-correction, peer-correction and self-correction: Their impacts on Iranian students’ IELTS essay writing performance. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 6(1), 117-139.

Hanrahan, S., & Isaacs, G. (2001). Assessing self- and peer assessment: The students’ views. Higher Education Research and Development, 20(1), 53-70.

Jafaruddin. (2006). Improving students’ ability in writing recounts by using picture series in outlining. Malang: Unpublished Thesis. State University of Malang.

Kamimura, T. (2006). Effects of peer feedback on EFL student writers at different levels of English proficiency: A Japanese context. TESL Canada Journal, 23(2), 12-39.

Kubota, M. (2001). Error correction strategies used by learners of Japanese when revising a writing task. System, 29(4), 467-480.

Kusumaningtyas, D. N. (2005). Improving the second-year students' skills in writing paragraphs through Segment-Chain activities at SMA Negeri Kunir. Malang: Unpublished Thesis. State University of Malang.

Maftoon, P., Shirazi, M. A., & Daftarifard, P. (2011). The effect of recast vs. self correction on writing accuracy. Brain: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2(1), 17-28.

Miao, Y., Badger, R., & Zhen, Y. (2006). A comparative study of peer and teacher feedback in a Chinese EFL writing class. Journal of Second Language Writing, 15(3), 179-200.

Miftah, M. Z. (2015). Enhancing writing skill through writing process approach. Journal on English as a Foreign Language (JEFL), 5(1), 9-24.

Moussaoui, S. (2012). An investigation of the effects of peer evaluation in enhancing Algerian students’ writing autonomy and positive affect. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69, 1775-1784.

Nirwani, S. (2007). Applying autonomous writing instruction model to improve the second-year students' writing skill of SMAN 7 Malang. Malang: Unpublished Thesis. State University of Malang.

Pishghadam, R., & Kermanshahi, P. N. (2011). Peer correction among Iranian English language learners. European Journal of Educational Studies, 3(2), 217-227.

Putri, A. (2013). The influence of peer correction in students’ descriptive text writing at SMKN 2 Metro. Unpublished Thesis. Lampung : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Lampung.

Sultana, A. (2009). Peer correction in ESL classrooms. RAC University Journal, 6(1), 11-19.

Weigle, S. C. (2002). Assessing writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yang, Y.-F. (2010). Students’ reflection on online self-correction and peer review to improve writing. Computers & Education, 55(3), 1202-1210.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Proceedings of International Conference on English Language Teaching (INACELT) is published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia in collaboration with Journal on English as a Foreign Language.

Editor and Administration Address: 

Department of English Language Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and EducationInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia, Jalan G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: inacelt@iain-palangkaraya.ac.id, Website: http://e-proceedings.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/inacelt




Flag aCounter