A Phonological Study of Syllable Structure and Economy Properties in Bahasa Indonesia: An OT Account

Dedy Suhery, Dessy Kurniasy, Muhammad Hamid Raza


This paper contains the phonological and economic properties of the syllable structures of the words in Bahasa Indonesia. It determines the behaviour of certain speech segments attached to the root words and elaborates the economy of the syllable structure in tokens. In Bahasa Indonesia, there are various types of segmental processes related to the addition or deletion of the phonemes that affected the root and altered the entire physical mechanism of the words. This paper aims to know the exact economic conditions of syllable structures in words after adding or deleting segments in Bahasa Indonesia. All the types of conflicts between the candidates will be manipulated with the help of constraint rankings in Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky, 1993). The general purpose of this paper is to reveal the whole criteria of OT principles and explored the actual framework of syllables within their marginal and obligatory components. The researcher governed the phonological property of consonant clusters with the help of faithfulness constraints and markedness constraints. The architecture of root words wholly varied from the artificial formulation of other words. Still, after the imposition of constraints, we revealed the concrete fact of linguistic items in Bahasa Indonesia. The groundwork of this paper led to the systematic phenomena of epenthesis and syllable structures of vowels or consonants within OT tenets. The researcher considered the typology of the syllable structure of words and the phonological observations of linguistic features. The generalization of each step of the syllable structure and economy of the words should be related to the positional variation of input and output candidates. The conflict between output candidates is solved based on an input candidate's ranking features to find an optimal form in Optimality Theory.


Optimality Theory; Syllable Structure; Economy; Syllable Typology

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