The Students’ Perception towards the Flow Theory in Speaking Class Activity of English Language Education Study Program Batch 2019

Ega Maulida Sari, Nanik Mariani, Dini Noor Arini


This study was aimed to investigate students’ perceptions of the flow theory in performing Basic Speaking course activities which were Storytelling, Role-Play, and Group Discussion. The study used a descriptive design with a qualitative approach with 62 students from batch 2019 at the English Language Education Study Program in Lambung Mangkurat University. The data was collected by distributing an online form questionnaire, then eight students were chosen to be interviewed to gain more in-depth information of their perceptions of flow while performing speaking activities. The data was then presented in percentages to divide the perceptions into positive, neutral, and negative categories and described in descriptive form. The findings discovered students’ perception of the four dimensions of flow: interest, control, focus, and challenge in performing the three Basic Speaking classroom activities. The results revealed that students had a positive perception towards the flow of interest, particularly in Role-Play activity. Results also showed that students had a neutral perception towards the flow of control and focus since they perceived both of these dimensions broadly in every speaking activity. Lastly, the findings showed that students had positive perception towards flow of challenge, particularly in Storytelling activity. As suggested, both students and lecturers require to recognize what makes them engaged in performing the activity while concerning their emotional state since it would be very significant for students’ improvement to be more meaningful in their learning process


flow theory; perception; speaking activities

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Proceedings of International Conference on English Language Teaching (INACELT) is published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia in collaboration with Journal on English as a Foreign Language.

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Department of English Language Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and EducationInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia, Jalan G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: [email protected], Website:

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