The Challenges of Implementing Higher Order Thinking Skills in Online Distance Learning

Soo Kum Yoke, Khairon Nisa Shafeei, Hazwati Hashim

Abstract


While there has been a lot of emphasis on nurturing students to become critical thinkers, it has been found that overall, Malaysian students are still lacking in this skill. The current pandemic situation has posed a problem in promoting HOTS especially when teachers and students have to adapt to online learning. This paper thus, explores the challenges faced in implementing higher order thinking skills for online distance learning. This conceptual paper focused on studies related to challenges of online learning during the pandemic, the development of HOTS and the implementation of HOTS in Malaysia. Based on the various studies related to the issue, conclusions were drawn that there is a need for suitable materials to develop thinking skills and there is also a need for change in the exam-oriented culture affecting teaching and learning. Future studies are recommended on the perceptions of teachers and students towards the implementation of HOTS for ODL.

Keywords


HOTS; online learning; pandemic; thinking skills; ODL

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References


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