EFL learners’ problems leading to the use of communication strategies in taking turns speaking

Syarifudin Syarifudin


The present study explored the learners’ problems leading to the use of communication strategies both verbal and nonverbal to surmount communication problems in taking turns speaking. This study was carried out by employing a qualitative approach with an ethnography of communication design in a limited set of ISCP course. Thirty students taking Intensive Spoken Communication Practice at English Language Education Program, Mataram State Islamic University were selected as the subjects of research by using a purposeful technique. Techniques used to collect data were non-participant observation, video recording, and interview. The research findings showed that in general, the learners’ problems are dealing with insufficient knowledge of TL, particularly lack of mastering on TL vocabulary and structure. Learners as speakers had problems, including unable to set in the context of TL words, difficulty in conveying a sequence of the message in the appropriate TL expressions and using the inappropriate words and structures. Meanwhile, the learners as listeners had problems, including being unable to catch the message, lack of  TL lexical which did not enable them to comprehend the message from speakers. Their CSs to cope with those problems are an approximation, word coinage, circumlocution, language switch, paraphrase, self-correction, comprehension check, and self-repetition, smiling, head nodding, head shaking, hand moving,  and drawing something.


communication strategy, strategy competence, speaking strategy, taking turns speaking

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Proceedings of International Conference on English Language Teaching (INACELT) is published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia in collaboration with Journal on English as a Foreign Language.

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