EFL teachers’ use of plagiarism detection software: A usability study

Abdul Syahid


EFL teachers sometimes struggle harder to prevent their students’ committing plagiarism because the students’ limited EFL proficiency could be a cause of plagiarism. To prevent plagiarism, one of the methods widely employed is the use of plagiarism detection software such as Plagiarism Checker X. To assess how useful, easy to learn, easy to use, and satisfying the software was for them, 30 EFL teachers took anonymously an online 30-item questionnaire of 7-point Likert scale after they had downloaded and run a free version of the software. High mean agreement ratings across the four dimensions were revealed as 28 items were highly positively perceived between 6 (agree) and 7 (strongly agree) and two items were rated between 5 (slightly agree) and 6 (agree). The study showed that the software was useful for checking similarities between texts, easy to learn and use and could satisfy the teachers. They could arm themselves with the software to prevent plagiarism. As one of the first attempts to evaluate the usability of text-matching software from the EFL teachers’ perspective, this study has research and educational implications as it highlights avenues for preventing plagiarism via the software usability evaluation. 


usability study; plagiarism detection software; plagiarism prevention; teachers of English as a foreign language

Full Text:



Babaii, E., & Nejadghanbar, H. (2017). Plagiarism Among Iranian Graduate Students of Language Studies: Perspectives and Causes. Ethics & Behavior, 27(3), 240–258. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2016.1138864

Brown, N., & Janssen, R. (2017). Preventing Plagiarism and Fostering Academic Integrity: A Practical Approach. Journal of Perspectives in Applied Academic Practice, 5(3), 102–109. https://doi.org/10.14297/jpaap.v5i3.245

Carroll, J. (2016). Making decisions on management of plagiarism cases where there is a deliberate attempt to cheat. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 199–219). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_54

Dantas, C., Jegundo, A. L., Quintas, J., Martins, A. I., Queirós, A., & Rocha, N. P. (2017). European Portuguese Validation of Usefulness, Satisfaction and Ease of Use Questionnaire (USE). In Á. Rocha, A. M.

Correia, H. Adeli, L. P. Reis, & S. Costanzo (Eds.), Recent Advances in Information Systems and Technologies (Vol. 570, pp. 561–570). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56538-5_57

Eaton, Sarah E., Guglielmin, M., & Otoo, B. (2017). Plagiarism: Moving from punitive to pro-active approaches. In A. P. P. Babb, L. Yeworiew, & S. Sabbaghan (Eds.), Selected proceedings of the IDEAS Conference 2017 Leading Educational Change. http://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/31643

Eaton, Sarah Elaine. (2017). Comparative Analysis of Institutional Policy Definitions of Plagiarism: A Pan-Canadian University Study. Interchange, 48(3), 271–281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10780-017-9300-7

Field, A. (2017). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics (5th edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Gao, M., Kortum, P., & Oswald, F. (2018). Psychometric Evaluation of the USE (Usefulness, Satisfaction, and Ease of use) Questionnaire for Reliability and Validity. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 62(1), 1414–1418. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931218621322

General Director of Islamic Education. (2017). Decree 7142 of Director General of Islamic Education on Plagiarism Prevention in State Islamic Higher Education Institutions. Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs.

Glendinning, I. (2016). European Perspectives of Academic Integrity. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 55–74). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_3

Graham, A. K., Wildes, J. E., Reddy, M., Munson, S. A., Taylor, C. B., & Mohr, D. C. (2019). User-centered design for technology-enabled services for eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(10), 1095–1107. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23130

Halgamuge, M. N. (2017). The use and analysis of anti-plagiarism software: Turnitin tool for formative assessment and feedback. Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 25(6), 895–909. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.21842

Hussein, A. S. (2015). A Plagiarism Detection System for Arabic Documents. In D. Filev, J. Jabłkowski, J. Kacprzyk, M. Krawczak, I. Popchev, L. Rutkowski, … S. Zadrozny (Eds.), Intelligent Systems’2014 (Vol. 323, pp. 541–552). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-11310-4_47

Jain, H., Das, S., & Garg, A. (2016). Google versus other text similarity tools in detection of plagiarism: A pilot study in the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. European Science Editing, 42(4), 87–90. https://doi.org/10.20316/ESE.2016.42.012

Kamzola, L., & Anohina-Naumeca, A. (2020). Comparing Text-Matching Software Systems Using the Document Set in the Latvian Language. Journal of Academic Ethics, 18(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-019-09355-z

Kashian, N., Cruz, S. M., Jang, J., & Silk, K. J. (2015). Evaluation of an Instructional Activity to Reduce Plagiarism in the Communication Classroom. Journal of Academic Ethics, 13(3), 239–258. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-015-9238-2

Levine, J., & Pazdernik, V. (2018). Evaluation of a four-prong anti-plagiarism program and the incidence of plagiarism: A five-year retrospective study. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 43(7), 1094–1105. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2018.1434127

Liu, G.-Z., Lo, H.-Y., & Wang, H.-C. (2013). Design and usability testing of a learning and plagiarism avoidance tutorial system for paraphrasing and citing in English: A case study. Computers & Education, 69, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.06.011

Lund, A. M. (2001). Measuring Usability with the USE Questionnaire. Usability Interface, 8(2), 3–6.

Meo, S., & Talha, M. (2019). Turnitin: Is it a text matching or plagiarism detection tool? Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, 13(5), 48. https://doi.org/10.4103/sja.SJA_772_18

Minister of National Education. (2010). Article 17 on plagiarism prevention and control in colleges. Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of National Education.

Mukti, A. G. (2016, July 12). Pengecekan Karya llmiah Usulan Kenaikan Jabatan/Pangkat Dosen ke Jenjang Lektor Kepala dan Guru Besar. Retrieved from http://lppm.ut.ac.id/en/system/files/artikel/informasi/files/Ederan%20DIKTI_tg%20Originality%20Article.pdf

Perkins, M., Gezgin, U. B., & Roe, J. (2018). Understanding the Relationship between Language Ability and Plagiarism in Non-native English Speaking Business Students. Journal of Academic Ethics, 16(4), 317–328. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-018-9311-8

Radcliffe, P. J., & Rudolph, H. (2008). Plagiarism Prevention Using Automated Tools. Australasian Journal of Engineering Education, 14(1), 13–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/22054952.2008.11464008

Rohwer, A., Wager, E., Young, T., & Garner, P. (2018). Plagiarism in research: A survey of African medical journals. BMJ Open, 8:e024777, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024777

Sadeghi, R. (2019). The attitude of scholars has not changed towards plagiarism since the medieval period: Definition of plagiarism according to Shams-e-Qays, thirteenth-century Persian literary scientist. Research Ethics, 15(2), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747016116654065

Sattler, S., Wiegel, C., & Veen, F. van. (2017). The use frequency of 10 different methods for preventing and detecting academic dishonesty and the factors influencing their use. Studies in Higher Education, 42(6), 1126–1144. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1085007

Shang, H.-F. (2019). An investigation of plagiarism software use and awareness training on English as a foreign language (EFL) students. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 31(1), 105–120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-018-9193-1

Siaputra, I. B., & Santosa, D. A. (2016). Academic Integrity Campaign in Indonesia. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 76–86). New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Spiroski, M. (2016). How to Verify Plagiarism of the Paper Written in Macedonian and Translated in Foreign Language? Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 4(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2016.035

Sun, Y.-C. (2013). Do journal authors plagiarize? Using plagiarism detection software to uncover matching text across disciplines. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 12(4), 264–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2013.07.002

Syahid, A. (2018). Usability of Moodle question types by EFL teachers. Proceedings of INACELT (International Conference on English Language Teaching), 2, 224–237. Palangka Raya: Department of English Education, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palangka Raya Indonesia.

Team Plagiarism Checker X. (2019). Plagiarism Checker X (Version 6.0.7) [Windows]. Retrieved from https://plagiarismcheckerx.com/

‘Teddi’ Fishman, T. (2016). Academic Integrity as an Educational Concept, Concern, and Movement in US Institutions of Higher Learning. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 7–21). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_1

The Similarity Report explained. (n.d.). Retrieved January 16, 2020, from https://help.turnitin.com/feedback-studio/turnitin-website/instructor/the-similarity-report/the-similarity-report-explained.htm?Highlight=report

The Team of PlagScan. (2019). Plagscan [Web-based]. Retrieved from https://www.plagscan.com/en/

Turnitin. (2012). True Costs of Research Misconduct (2012 iThenticate Report) (p. 9). Retrieved from Turnitin website: https://www.ithenticate.com/hs-fs/hub/92785/file-5415630-pdf/docs/ithenticate-misconduct-report-2012.pdf

Turnitin. (2016). Turnitin—The Plagiarism Spectrum. Retrieved April 20, 2019, from Turnitin website: http://go.turnitin.com/plagiarism-spectrum

Wan, G., & Scott, M. R. (2016). Start Them Early and Right: Creating a Culture of Academic Integrity in Elementary Schools. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 413–427). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_50

Weber-Wulff, D. (2016). Plagiarism Detection Software: Promises, Pitfalls, and Practices. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of academic integrity (pp. 626–638). New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Wolfersberger, M. (2018). Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty. In J. I. Liontas & M. DelliCarpini (Eds.), The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching (pp. 1–7). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118784235.eelt0629


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Proceedings of International Conference on English Language Teaching (INACELT) is published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia in collaboration with Journal on English as a Foreign Language.

Editor and Administration Address: 

Department of English Language Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and EducationInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangka Raya Indonesia, Jalan G. Obos Komplek Islamic Centre Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, Postal Code 73111, Email: inacelt@iain-palangkaraya.ac.id, Website: http://e-proceedings.iain-palangkaraya.ac.id/index.php/inacelt

Flag aCounter